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Zambia Fact File

OFFICIAL NAME: Republic of ZambiaFlag of Zambia

Zambia is a vast country covering 750,000 sq km, nearly half the size of Europe and the people live in peace and harmony.

Zambia is landlocked and is the most centrally located country in southern/central Africa. It shares borders with the Democratic Republic of Congo, Angola, Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi and Tanzania.

As with any major city anywhere in the world, petty theft takes place. Ensure your valuables are safe and don’t exchange cash or wave your cash around in the streets; you might be the victim of a pickpocket.

As a visitor to the country, in case you are requested for identity and/or you require further foreign exchange currency, it is advisable to carry your passport with you.

POPULATION: Zambia has a population of about 12 million people living in and around urban areas.



HEAD OF STATE: President Michael Chilufya Sata

INDEPENDENCE DAY: 24 October 1964

LANGUAGE: English (official), with 73 dialects! Of the 73 languages, the most generally used are Bemba and Nyanja.

TIME ZONE: GMT + 2 hours


ELECTRICITY: Electricity – 220 Volts AC, 50 Hz. 3 square-pin plugs are used.

Visas are required for UK passport holders, payable on arrival. The current visa fee is $50.00

The currency is the Kwacha for exchange rates. Traveller’s cheques and foreign currency may be changed at banks, bureaux de change, and authorised hotels.

Visitors may now import foreign currency without any restrictions.

Automatic teller machines accept foreign visa cards, but are mostly found in larger towns and cities. Cultural sites and community art and craft outlets usually only accept cash.

From the UK, British Airways flies direct from London Heathrow to Lusaka – Zambia, three times a week.

Lusaka can also be reached via the African airlines of Air Namibia, Air Malawi, Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways and South African Airways.

Flight time is approximately 10 hours and is dependant on the aircraft used.

Charter flights with Proflight flies to Mfuwe (South Luangwa) and Livingstone. Avocet has various routes as well.

Sky Trails specialises in Northern Zambia.

Zambian Airways has a daily direct service between Johannesburg and Livingstone.

Various air charter companies will fly to any of the many airstrips around the country and most of the areas worth visiting are accessible by air.

Domestic departure tax from airports is $8 per person.

11½ hours to Lusaka.

12½ hours to Livingstone via Johannesburg.

Zambians drive on the left hand side of the road and observe standard British driving rules.

Under the Zambian Road Traffic Commission, you are permitted to drive for three months on your foreign Driving Licence. Your drivers licence must be in your possession at all times when driving in Zambia.

June – September is the best time to travel; early mornings and late evenings can be cool. September to October can be very hot, while the rainy season is November to March.

Malaria is prevalent in Zambia particularly to those visiting game reserves, so please make sure you prescribe to a course of anti-malaria tablets.

Inoculations against hepatitis A, polio and yellow fever are recommended. However, Zambia is no longer considered a yellow fever area but authorities will require yellow fever and cholera inoculation certificates if visitors have passed through any infected areas.

Therefore at least six weeks before you travel please check with your doctor concerning malaria tablets and other vaccination requirements.

On arrival in Zambia, customs officials may ask to see prescriptions for any medication brought into the country.

www.fitfortravel.scot.nhs.uk is a good source of information.


Zambia Tourism Board